The research topics investigated include:
1) The processing of taste and olfactory information by the brain.
2) The processing of visual information about objects by the brain.
3) A theory and model of how the visual system performs invariant visual
4) A theory of emotion, and analysis of the operation of the brain
systems including the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, which are involved
5) The application of understanding brain mechanisms of emotion and
emotion-related learning to the understanding and rehabilitation of
patients with damage to the inferior parts of the frontal lobes.
6) The operation of the brain systems, including the hypothalamus,
orbitofrontal cortex, and amygdala, involved in the control of food and
7) Where and how sensory signals are decoded into reward signals in the brain,
and the neural mechanisms that underlie reward.
8) The neural mechanisms which underlie memory in the brain. The
operation of key structures in the brain in memory, including the
hippocampus, orbitofrontal cortex, and amygdala.
9) A full theoretical treatment of how the hippocampus could store
episodic memories, and how they could be recalled to the neocortex to thus
contribute to the formation of long-term memories.
10) The information which reaches the striatum from the neocortex, and
the implications of this for understanding the operation of the basal
11) How information is encoded by the firing of neurons in many
different brain systems.
12) The ways in which many parts of the cerebral cortex may actually work, by
combining neurophysiological, neuroanatomical,
and biologically plausible neuronal network approaches.
Computation in the brain compared with that in digital computers.
13) The brain mechanisms of attention and decision-making.
The neural bases of mental disorders including depression,
schizophrenia and autism, with implications for treatment. This builds
on the research described above, and adds new large-scale analyses of
neuroimaging data from patients and controls.
15) Brain process involved in consciousness, and the relation between the brain and the mind.
16) Aesthetics and the brain.
Many of these advances are summarized in six books:
Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation by E.T.Rolls, 2016, Oxford University Press;
Emotion and Decision-Making Explained by E.T.Rolls, 2014, Oxford University Press;
The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function by E.T.Rolls and G.Deco, 2010, Oxford University Press;
Attention, and Decision-Making by E.T.Rolls,
2008, Oxford University Press;
Computational Neuroscience of Vision by E.T.Rolls
and G.Deco, 2002, Oxford University Press;
Neural Networks and Brain Function by E.T.Rolls
and A.Treves, 1998, Oxford University Press;
and are described in the papers
shown in the List of Publications.
Rolls has been included in the top 0.5% of most cited
neuroscientists in the world by the Institute of Scientific Information)